Haiti Earthquake

Haiti

(Before 2010 Earthquake) 

 

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 May the victims of Haiti be richly blessed.

May their cups run over with comfort,

support, and prayers. 

There but for the grace of God go I. 

 

WARNING:

The following photos and videos may
be disturbing to some viewers.

A street in the capital city, photographed during a joint Red Cross Red Crescent/ECHO (European Community Humanitarian Organisation) aerial assessment mission

Give us strength, dear God, in our despair.

Come to Me, all of you who are weary and carry heavy burdens,

and I will give you rest.

Matthew 11:28

 A country so little... 

with so many needs.

They caused the cry of the poor to come before Him,

so that He heard the cry of the needy.

Job 34:28  

Haiti is located in the Carribean

on 1/3 of the island, it occupies the western part

of Hispanola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North

Atlantic Ocean, neighboring west of the Dominican

Republic.

 

Total Area: 27,750 sq km

 

Area comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland.

Climate: tropical; semiarid where mountains in east

cut off trade winds.

Terrain: mostly rough and mountainous.

 Natural resources: bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate,

gold, marble, hydropower.

 

Population: 8,308,504 (July 2006 est.)
 

There are 14 airports in Haiti, however only one is an

international airport (in the capitol Port-au-Prince), and

only 3 additional airports have paved, but short runways

(the others are unpaved).

 

Haiti's age structure: 0-14 years - 42.4%,

15-64 years - 54.2%,

65 years and over - 3.4% (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 71.65 deaths/1,000 births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: total population - 53.23 years (2006 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.94 children born/woman (2006 est.)

Ethnic groups: black 95%, mulatto and white 5%

Religions: Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16%,

none 1%, other 3% (1982).

Languages: French (official), Creole (official)

Literacy: 52.9% (definition - 15 and over can read and write)

 

GOVERNMENT

 Government type: elected government

 Capital: Port-au-Prince

Independence: 1 January 1804 (from France)

Chief of State: President Rene Preval

ECONOMY 

Population below poverty line: 80% (2003 est.)

 Labor force by occupation: 

agriculture 66%, services 25%, industry 9%

Unemployment rate: widespread unemployment

and underemployment; more than two-thirds of the labor

force do not have formal jobs.

Industries: sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement,

light assembly industries based on imported parts.

Agriculture products: coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice,

corn, sorghum, wood.

Export commodities: manufactures, coffee, oil, cocoa.

Import commodities: food, manufactured goods,

machinery and transport equipment, fuels, raw materials.

Currency: gourde (HTG)

Exchange rate: gourde per US dollar -

38.4 (September 2006).

File:Coat of arms of Haiti.svg

   Haiti (pronounced /ˈheɪtiː/; French Haïti, pronounced: [a.iti]Haitian CreoleAyiti), officially theRepublic of Haiti (République d'Haïti ; Repiblik Ayiti) is a Creole- and French-speaking French-speaking Caribbean country. Along with the Dominican Republic, it occupies the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago. Ayiti (Land of high mountains) was the indigenous Taíno orAmerindian name for the mountainous western side of the island. The country's highest point is Pic la Selle, at 2,680 metres (8,793 ft). The total area of Haiti is 27,750 square kilometres (10,714 sq mi) and its capital is Port-au-Prince.

Haiti's regional, historical, and ethnolinguistic position is unique for several reasons. It was the first independent nation in Latin America, the first post-colonial independent black-led nation in the world, and the only nation whose independence was gained as part of a successful slave rebellion. Despite having common cultural links with its Hispano-Caribbean neighbors, Haiti is the only predominantly Francophone independent nation in the Americas, and one of only two (along with Canada) that designate French as an official language; the other French-speaking areas are all overseas départements, or collectivités, of France.

 

 THE HAITIAN REVOLUTION

 

 The Slave Rebellion of 1791

 The Haitian Revolution (1791–1803) is
 
the period of violent conflict
 
in the French colony of Saint-Domingue,
 
leading to the elimination of slavery and the establishment
 
of Haiti as the first republic ruled by
 
people of African ancestry.
 
Although hundreds of rebellions occurred
 
in the New World during the centuries of slavery,
 
only the revolt on Saint-Domingue, which began in 1791,
 
was successful in achieving permanent freedom.
 
The Haitian Revolution is regarded as a defining moment
 
in the history of Africans in the new world.
 
Although an independent government was created in Haiti,
 
its society continued to be deeply affected by the patterns
 
established under French colonial rule.
 
The French established a system of minority rule
 
over the illiterate poor by using violence and threats.
 
The racial prejudice created by colonialism and slavery
 
outlived them both.
 
The post-rebellion racial elite (referred to as mulattoes)
 
were descended from both Africans and white planters.
 
Some had received an education, served in the French
 
military, and even acquired land and wealth. 
  
Violent conflicts between white colonists and black slaves
 
were common in Saint-Domingue.
 
Bands of runaway slaves, known as maroons (marrons),
 
entrenched themselves in bastions in the colony's
 
mountains and forests, from which they harried
 
white-owned plantations both to secure provisions
 
and weaponry and to avenge themselves
 
against the inhabitants. 
 
As their numbers grew, these bands,
 
sometimes consisting of thousands of people,
 
began to carry out hit-and-run attacks
 
throughout the colony.
 
This guerrilla warfare, however,
 
left an estimated 6,000 dead.
 
 
Many Haitians point to the maroons' attacks
 
as the first manifestation of a revolt against
 
French rule and the slaveholding system.
 
The attacks certainly presaged the 1791 slave rebellion,
 
which evolved into the Haitian Revolution.
 
They also marked the beginning
 
of a martial tradition for blacks,
 
just as service in the colonial militia had done
 
for the gens de couleur.
 
 
The arrangement that enabled the whites
and the landed gens de couleur to preserve the stability
of the slaveholding system was unstable.
In an economic sense, the system worked for both groups. The gens de couleur, however, had aspirations beyond the accumulation of goods.
They desired equality with white colonists,
and many of them desired power.
The events set in motion in 1789 by the French Revolution 
shook up, and eventually shattered, the arrangement. 
 
 
The National Assembly in Paris
required the white Colonial Assembly to grant suffrage
to the landed and tax-paying gens de couleur.
(The white colonists had had a history
of ignoring French efforts to improve the lot of the black and the mulatto populations.)

 
A slave rebellion of 1791 finally toppled the colony. Launched in August of that year, the revolt represented the culmination of a protracted conspiracy among black leaders.  Accounts of the rebellion describe widespread torching of property, fields, factories, and anything else that belonged to, or served, slaveholders. The inferno is said to have burned almost continuously for months.
 Reprisals against nonwhites were swift and every bit as brutal as the atrocities committed by the slaves. Although outnumbered, the inhabitants of Le Cap (the local diminutive for Cap Français) were well-armed and prepared to defend themselves against the tens of thousands of blacks who descended upon the port city.   The rebellion left an estimated 10,000 blacks and 2,000 whites dead and more than 1,000 plantations sacked and razed.
 
Even though it failed, the slave rebellion at Cap Français set in motion events that culminated in the Haitian Revolution.  Sentiment in the National Assembly vacillated, but it finally favored the enfranchisement of gens de couleur and the enforcement of equal rights. Whites, who had had little respect for royal governance in the past, now rallied behind the Bourbons and rejected the radical egalitarian notions of the French revolutionaries. Commissioners from the French Republic, dispatched in 1792 to Saint-Domingue, pledged their limited support to the gens de couleur in the midst of an increasingly anarchic situation. In various regions of the colony, black slaves rebelled against white colonists, mulattoes battled white levies, and black royalists opposed both whites and mulattoes. Foreign interventionists found these unstable conditions irresistible; Spanish and British involvement in the unrest in Saint-Domingue opened yet another chapter in the revolution.
 
 
 On January 1, 1804, Haiti proclaimed its independence. Through this action, it became the second independent state in the Western Hemisphere and the first free black republic in the world. Haiti's uniqueness attracted much attention and symbolized the aspirations of enslaved and exploited peoples around the globe. Nonetheless, Haitians made no overt effort to inspire, to support, or to aid slave rebellions similar to their own because they feared that the great powers would take renewed action against them. For the sake of national survival, nonintervention became a Haitian credo.
 

  Haiti, is the poorest country

in the Western Hemisphere with 80% of the people

below the UN poverty line

(for singles: less than $1/day income).

  • The unemployment rate is hard to measure,
  •  but it is at least 66%.
  • The highest source sets the median income at $160/year, i.e. less than 50 cents a day. The average income is at most around $480/year. 
  • There are many sources putting these numbers at about half these values.
  • There is a highly inadequate supply of potable water.
  • Their language is (Haitian) Creole; more educated people know French.
  • Haiti gained independence from France 
  • on Jan 1, 1804.
  • The population is 8.9 million people. 
  • The median age is 18.5 years, that means half the people are adults and the other half are children. 
  • Life expectancy is 57.5 years.

  • The four hurricanes that hit Haiti in 2008 
  • put the developments in Haiti back by 5 years
  •  (UN estimate).

 

January 12, 2010

A 7.0 magnitude earthquake hit southern Haiti, Tuesday,

collapsing and flattening buildings and power lines

and inflicting what its ambassador to the United States

called a catastrophe for the Western Hemisphere's

poorest nation. 

“They cried out for help,

and their cry rose up to God” 

Exodus 2:23 

 

 This shocking video shows the terrifying moments

when the 7.0 magnitude earthquake hit

Port-au-Prince, Haiti just after 5 p.m. on Tuesday.

Cars came to a screeching halt,

while in the streets buildings were crumbling

 to the ground and pedestrians were left running

for their lives. 

 

  

 In Your boundless Spiritual home,

dear God, we are all known.

 God hears the groaning of his people.

When we hurt and cry out to God,

He attends to us. 

“For God has not ignored or belittled

the suffering of the needy. 

He has not turned His back on them,

but has listened to their cries for help”

Psalm 22:24 

 

Rescue efforts are crucial to Haiti.  

 At such a time as this,

we need to be very thankful for what we have

and recognize that we can help those in desperate need. 

 The following video may contain content that is inappropriate for some users. This video may not be suitable for minors.  

The 7.0 magnitude earthquake

was reported to be the equivalent to the energy

of several nuclear bombs.  

Main Image

God hears the cries of the needy.

 

  Haitians are clawing at chunks of concrete

with bare hands and sledgehammers,

trying to free those buried alive. 

Main Image

 The Haitian Red Cross ran out of body bags

and the International Committee of the Red Cross

are sending more.

Main Image

The international Red Cross estimated

that 45,000 to 50,000 people were killed

in Tuesday's magnitude-7 earthquake.

"We have already buried 7,000

in a mass grave," Haiti's president said.

 

 May we never forget the common humanity

that we all share.

Main Image 

 President Barack Obama announced that

"one of the largest relief efforts in our recent history"

is moving toward Haiti, with thousands of troops

and a broad array of civilian rescue workers

flying or sailing in to aid the stricken country —

backed by more than $100 million in relief funds.

Main Image

 

  God, we believe You are ready to use all the

experiences, resources and passion

You've given to each of us

to touch the "least of these." 

    Troops and plane loads of food and medicine

reached Haiti on Thursday to aid a traumatized nation

still rattled by aftershocks

from the catastrophic earthquake

that flattened homes and government buildings

and buried countless people. 

 

Visit msnbc.com for breaking news, world news, and news about the economy

Aid distribution was hampered because

roads were blocked by rubble and smashed cars,

normal communications were cut off.   

  

 

Visit msnbc.com for breaking news, world news, and news about the economy

 

  May we keep the victims of the earthquake, in Haiti,

and those who have journeyed there to assist...

 lifted up in prayer. 

O God, we believe You are taking these grand endeavors

to further enlarge our passion for Your redemptive plans.  

   Today, gracious Lord, we need Your strong arm to rescue

and comfort the many bereaved families, the wounded,

trapped, displaced, and weary hearts in Haiti.

There are so many people, in Haiti, in severe need and

who are bearing, what appears to be, an impossible load.

There is destruction and pain on every end. 

Father God, please bless the people of Haiti. 

 The people  in Haiti know that You hear their cries. 

They know You have not turned Your back on them. 

So we ask You, to please bring healing

and deliverance to them.

Cindy Terasme screams after seeing the feet of her dead 14-year-old brother Jean Gaelle Dersmorne in the rubble of the collapsed St. Gerard School in Port-au-Prince. 

Thank You God, for allowing

this grand global rescue effort to respond to Your love

by running to the aid of those in despair.

 Many are reaching for their cellphones and making

donations via text message.  

In this situation of suffering and bereavement,

there have been countless decent and courageous

men and women, inspired by their faith,

and as a result they are providing relief, comfort and care

to the devastated people of Haiti.

There is an enormous outpouring for this effort. 

Dear God we ask that You bless those helping hands who

are making their life, their gifts and who they are

be effective on behalf of the people of Haiti.

For those who left their homes and families

and traveled to Haiti to help...

may they walk in Your Word,

and talk in Your Word.

We pray that You will order their steps,

guide their feet and bless their hearts.

May all involved parties, on the giving and receiving end, sense Your presence and peace. 

May we always remember and never forget...

You are the Helper

of the helpless. 

In Your precious Name we pray.

Amen.

  

 Day 3 in Haiti:

Much of the capital, Port-au-Prince,

has been reduced to rubble.

 

 Governments and aid organizations around the world

unlocked relief funds, and dispatched experts

to help claw through the debris for survivors

and promised help to reconstruct shattered homes,

schools and hospitals.

 People carry an injured person  in Port-au-Prince. <em>Photo: AP</em>

 A crowd of people observe the covered corpses of those killed by a massive earthquake in Port-au-Prince on January 13, 2010. More than 100,000 people were feared dead in Haiti after a calamitous earthquake razed homes, hotels, and hospitals, leaving the capital in ruins and bodies strewn in the streets. Planeloads of rescuers and relief supplies headed to Haiti as governments and aid agencies launched a massive relief operation. AFP PHOTO/Juan BARRETO

Government workers in Port-au-Prince

began burying thousands of bodies in mass graves.  

January 19, 2010

10:51 AM

1 Week After Earthquake 

CBS News got an aerial tour Tuesday of the crowded streets,

ports, and shanty towns in the wake of last week's 7.0 earthquake in Haiti. 

 

 
Watch CBS News Videos Online

 

O God,

may we all come to the realization, 

that Your work and Word

is needed everywhere.

God, thank You for providing

a place in Your vineyard

for each of us.

 Sunday Mass

 People pray outside a destroyed cathedral in Port-au-Prince, Jan. 17.

 

CarryingNight Prayers, Port-au-Prince

Young Victim

The capital of Haiti, Port-au-Prince, lay in ruins,

and thousands of people were and are trapped in the rubble

of government buildings, foreign aid offices

and shantytowns.

Schools, hospitals and a prison collapsed.

Still Searching

Still Searching

A search and rescue worker from Mexico makes his way into a building

as he looks for a way to reach school children heard screaming for help.
 Fallen Life and Death
 
 
 Making Due
 Making Due
A Haitian woman cooks food
in a displaced persons camp in Port au Prince.
 

 Haiti is one of the poorest and least developed countries

in the world. In  recent years Haiti has struggled with

problems ranging from near-constant political upheaval,

health crises, severe environmental degradation

and an annual barrage of hurricanes.

This is  the worst earthquake in the region

in more than 200 years, with an untold number--

estimates range from 50,000 to 200,000-- feared dead.

 

A Father and His Daughter

Osam Cherisma carries the body of his daughter, Fabienne,
allegedly killed by a policeman during an outbreak of looting in Port-au-Prince
one week after the massive Jan. 12 earthquake.

 Coffins in the Streets

Thousands of people are left injured.

 The quake affected roughly one in three Haitians.

 The devastation created serious obstacles to those

attempting to deliver promised foreign aid.

 

 

Tuesday, January 26, 2010

2 Weeks after 7.0 earthquake in Haiti

A boy stands in front of a wall painted with Haiti flag  in ...

Haiti needs at least five to 10 years of reconstruction help

after its people were "bloodied, martyred and ruined" by

the devastating earthquake this month, Prime Minister

Jean-Max Bellerive said on Monday. 

According to Kate Conradt, a spokeswoman for the aid

group Save the Children, there's an estimated 1 million

unaccompanied or orphaned children or children who lost

one parent."  "They are extremely vulnerable."

Some youngsters are even being released from hospitals

with no one to care for them.

 

A boy stands at a makeshift camp at a golf course in Port-au-Prince, ...

"Health workers are being advised to

monitor and send separated/unaccompanied children to

child-friendly spaces," the U.N. humanitarian office said in

its latest situation report. The plight of the young is

especially poignant even in a country where the U.N.

estimates 3 million out of a population of 9 million need

international assistance in the quake's aftermath. "We still

have a huge distance to go," said John Holmes, the U.N.

relief coordinator.

A girl stands by a column in the ruins of Petion Ville market ...

 

 

 Mom Never Gave Up Hope.

16 Year Old Daughter Rescued! 

Darlene Etienne, Haiti earthquake

PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti (Jan. 28) - She is amazing her doctors, the 16-year-old choir girl who came close to dying but wouldn't in the crumbled concrete graveyard of Port-au-Prince.

More than two weeks after the earthquake brought down her school - and a day after she was lifted from the ruins - Darlene Etienne was eating yogurt, talking and regaining her strength Thursday.
"We are very surprised at the fact that she is still alive," said Dr. Evelyne Lambert, who is caring for her on a French hospital ship offshore.
One who didn't seem surprised was the girl's mother, a poor rice-and-vegetable peddler.
"I never thought she was dead," Kerline Dorcant, 39, told The Associated Press. "I always thought she was alive."
Why? "It's God" hearing a mother's nonstop prayers, she said.
Added Darlene's brother, Preslin: "I think she has a special God."

The astonishing rescue of the high school student, by a French search team that refused to go home when others did, offered a moment of joy in this grieving city, where uncounted thousands were entombed in a landscape of broken and heaped-up concrete, wood and metal.

 

 They're among an estimated 200,000 quake dead in Haiti, including 150,000 who Haitian officials say have been buried anonymously in mass graves.    Some 1 million quake-displaced people, surviving now beneath plastic sheets, cardboard, blankets or other skimpy covering in city streets and plazas, also need 200,000 family-size tents as a short-term shelter solution, international experts say.

 

February 8, 2010 - CNN Reports:

Man Rescued From Rubble in Haiti

4 Weeks After Earthquake

Rubble

 

CNN's Sanjay Gupta reported that the man, 28, suffered from extreme dehydration and malnutrition, but didn't seem to have sustained any serious injuries.

 

"Freely you have received,
freely give."
Matthew 10:8

 

"Freely you have received,
freely give."
Matthew 10:8

 

"Freely you have received,
freely give."
Matthew 10:8

 

 

January 12, 2011

Jan. 11: Icaris Celnet stands in the ruins of The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption, often called Cathédrale de Port-au-Prince in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on the eve of the first anniversary of the earthquake that killed more than 200,000 people and displaced some 1.5 million more.

 

 

The statistics still overwhelm: 230,000 dead, 4,000 amputees,

1,150 refugee camps persist in this city alone, squeezed onto

every traffic circle.

 

One year after Haiti’s devastating earthquake, the country

is still in the early stages of recovery. Unfortunately, on the

first anniversary of one of history's worst natural disasters,

despair is still vastly common among Haitians. It is reported

that Haiti, a year after the earthquake, is a series of

overlapping tragedies with little space to grieve.

The quake drew a remarkable emergency response from the

international community. It also prompted ambitious plans

to reconstruct, even reinvent, the hemisphere's poorest

nation — to "build it back better."  But the recovery process

 

Two-thirds of the 1.5 million Haitians left homeless by the

quake still live in tents, and fewer than half the 45,000

t-shelters that the U.N. and other housing organizations had

hoped to build by now have been erected.

It is reported...

the city still remains littered with corpes deep inside

concrete and rebar, tents and rubble.

 

  

President Obama on Haiti, One Year Later

Posted by Jesse Lee

"As we mark one year since the catastrophic

earthquake in Haiti, we honor the memory of

the quarter of a million Haitians who were

lost, along with more than one hundred

Americans, many United Nations personnel

and citizens from dozens of nations. 

We recall how Americans, civilian and

military, joined with people from around the

world in one of the largest humanitarian

efforts ever attempted.  And we continue to

be inspired by the Haitian people, and our

vibrant Haitian American community, who

have faced unimaginable loss with

extraordinary courage and faith."

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

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