We are honored to walk upon the land our
ancestors walked upon. We humbly thank and
honor our ancestors for living with a sense of
purpose and commitment, for lighting lamps of
truth, for sharing a treasure trove of sage advice,
for being shining examples, showing and sharing
endless kindness and inspiration, and for sowing
rich deposits of godly principles by which the
present and future generations can embrace and
apply so they may live uprightly and forge ahead
to their higher calling.
We owe you a continuous debt of gratitude.
In His Love,
History offers a broad range of accumulated
experiences, pragmatic advice, insights and
shining examples of living with a sense of
purpose and commitment.
Extracting lessons from the past helps us
to better understand how past societies,
systems, ideologies, cultures, etc., were
built, how they operated, and how they
History and context matters.
History is an important and interesting field of the study
of past events which can honor and provide perspective
of our past and ground us in our roots of who we are and
where we come from. Our true history can reveal
fascinating nuggets of truth and moments in time that
gives us deeper and more meaningful insights of our
ancestral past and our true identity.
Historical narratives are not a synonym for historical
truth. History is made up of a diverse montage of
triumphs, missteps and tragedies.
Knowing our history helps advance our future without
the past mistakes. Our history can serve as a great torch-
bearer to our future...giving us a "heads up" on the
wrongs we should have no part in.
May we press on... moving onward and upward
capitalizing on those historical strengths without
reliving those past blunders.
History is a timeline full of fascinating, under-appreciated
heroes, momentous milestones of the past and
contributions African Americans made and continue to
make that we did not and are not learning about in
our educational system.
Even pictured in the Bible are countless unsung
heroes who have been portrayed quite differently.
Unfortunately, history is overflowing with
inaccuracies and omissions.
History helps us to dig deeper to see the importance of
slavery to the American narrative. It helps us better
understand the cause and effects of slavery and see how
and why people of color are still being racially
When students are miseducated and can only glean from
unfavorable stories and stereotypes reported on the news
read in newspapers, heard on radio, seen in movies and
on television... they end up having little to no respect or
appreciation for African Americans because of negative
slants, etc. In far too many cases, African Americans
are grossly overlooked or never described in a positive
light to any of us. The children and our world need to be
taught the truth about African Americans both historically
There are some who have tried endlessly to perpetuate
generational lies regarding their delusion of white
supremacy. Some have lied on, murdered and tried to
keep African Americans ideologically and economically
downtrodden. They have been and are notorious for
omitting and/or downplaying those critical narratives
which have shaped the character of our nation.
True history helps us to understand ourselves and the
world around us. It gives us a clearer picture of how the
various aspects of society works and how people have
behaved, generation after generation, in an effort to impose
their delusional idea that a superior race exists.
How can anyone justify unequal treatment based on
How can we promote liberty, freedom and democracy,
on one hand, and a system of subjugation and
exploitation of people who are of a different hue... on the
We all are God's offspring.
For in God we live, move, and have our being. God is
under no illusion about who we are. God is ever-present
and dwells within every one of us. According to
Scripture, God, our Creator, is interested in all of
Race was and is an offensively coarse concept,
constructed by society to determine who belongs and who
does not. The "Race" idea evolved over time. This societal
construct was formulated to justify its new economic
system of capitalism and an intense need for labor
which depended on the institution of forced labor,
especially the enslavement of African people.
History helps us to better understand many of our present
day issues and why things are the way they are.
"There is nothing new under the sun".
Our collective past, from the first civilizations, the middle
ages and into the modern era are overflowing with
astounding discoveries of strong, faithful and fearless
people who, may not be mentioned in our classroom
books, but they have contributed greatly and provided
strong and sound shoulders for us all to stand on.
African American history gives us a
wellspring of great examples of
virtues we can pursue.
History, as we have been taught, is a one-sided narrative at
odds with actual events. It has been grossly distorted and
misrepresented. So much of what has been passed on as
"history" are blatant lies. Some of the most powerful
forces that shaped history were lies people made up about
events that never happened with the intention to deceive
and lead others to accept those lies as truth. These
disingenuous accounts have threatened democracy
and undermined reality.
According to Wikipedia, history is a social resource that
contributes to shaping national identity, culture, and
public memory. Through the study of history, people are
able to make inroads with a particular cultural identity.
By negatively revising history, one can craft a specific
ideological identity contrary to reality.
Much of history that was taught in school was riddled
with blatant lies... exaggerated and filled with obvious
false statements written and published by others who
knew they were telling lies and twisting the truth.
History is fraught with forgeries, perjuries and outright
lies. Many lies are told by commission, which is making
things up that are not true. Some of it is made by
omission, which is leaving out information or details, not
telling the full story. And some of it by assent, which is...
remaining silent when not in agreement.
Many are so stuck on historical lies... they cannot bring
themselves to acknowledge that which is inaccurate or
true. That, in and of itself, is alarming and cultish. These
distorted interpretations, perceptions and ideological
influences presents insidious historical lies and sensational
claims about America's past.
Adding insult to injury, these lies and distortions about
our racist legacy have laid the deceptive groundwork for
imminent catastrophes, i.e., racial indifferences, injustice,
systemic oppression, redlining neighborhoods,
inequalities, police profiling, police brutality, mass
incarceration and many other expressions of hostility
and/or discriminatory practices.
These historical distortions and/or ideologies were created
by those who came before us and they passed these
distortions and/or ideological influences on to generations
Disgracefully, some have latched on to these delusional
beliefs and claims which devalued the humanness in
others, based totally on skin color, as if these belittling,
unjust, repressive assertions were the gospel truth.
Many historians are credited as people who, without
compromise, pursue truth, by way of fact. On the other
hand, revisionist historians capitalize on the historian's
professional credibility, and present their pseudo history
as true scholarship. By adding a measure of credibility to
the work of revised history, the ideas of the revisionist
historians are more readily accepted in the public mind
and tends to fit their political, social, and ideological
These devious lies have revealed an arrogance and
entitlement which has affected every generation of
humanity, and sadly, this disinformation is still being
condoned, promoted and actively embraced by those who
would rather live generational lies... than face the truth.
This is a disturbingly relevant narrative of oppressors
versus the oppressed and resistance to systemic
exploitation of African Americans.
Some have chosen to continue demonizing, denigrating
and dismissing African Americans, brutally mistreating,
denying and ridiculing the truth, dismissing and even
killing African Americans.
There are facts about the oppressed that are still being
overlooked by historians. We can no longer, in good and
righteous conscience be buried by satanically inspired
philosophies, twisted human reasoning, or warped, evil
and distorted belief systems. We must unlock the vault
of historical lies, and tell the whole truth and nothing
but the truth, so help us God.
Truth is likened to a two edged sword, it will either
cut one down or cut one free.
We all need the truth.
Some people are not content unless they are in an
accusing, invalidating, degrading, dismissive, unhinged
When people get desperate or feel threatened they create
illusions of victory. They also seem to find pleasure in
finding the shortcomings and faults with another
or their ideas.
Ignorant, uncultivated, and crude people mock, vilify
and/or discredit what they do not understand. They make
accusations often with offensive and dishonest intentions.
We can tell a lot about a person by what they choose to
see in others. People who lie and belittle others do it
for the purpose of raising themselves up.
Some people belittle others as a way of expressing their
own bitterness, anger and ignorance when they purposely
make unproven assertions in order to cast a bad light on
what is thought to be a shortcoming of another.
It's been said,
"To belittle... is to be little".
Misrepresenting the truth creates confusion and doubt.
These dangerous distortions can corrupt and cause
Historical narratives and the assumption that the
subjective interpretation of history is automatically
rendered into a historical truth on account of its
historical impact is clearly wrong. It is evil to
misrepresent someone with delusional opinions
and false assumptions based on incorrect
interpretation of another's reality and cultural
Some people have trouble recognizing the good in
others. It is an evil which causes widespread harm.
No one wants to be deliberately lied to, told half-truths
or given exaggerated accounts of people or experiences.
One lie causes others to question
everything one has ever said.
It is important that we tell the truth. Truth telling is
essential for authentic communication to occur, and it
makes genuine interactions between people possible.
The truth is the mortal enemy of the lie. If one is
sincerely trying to do the right thing and emulate the
character of God, they understand and value honesty and
The aim of many historical narratives is not necessarily to
ascertain what actually happened in the past, but to justify
what happens in the present and future. One of the many
game plans racism tries to obtain is the eradication of
all of the historical contributions made by
When are we, as a nation,
going to confront our
Why have scholars excluded Africa's extraordinarily
rich history and/or brushed over ancient civilizations?
Why would one go to such great lengths to make others
believe that Africans have no past and have not contributed
anything to the world?
Why have historians not dispelled the stereotypical view
of Africans being primitive without any appreciation for
planning or design?
Why would anyone deliberately eliminate the greatest
period of African achievements and destroy many of the
historical buildings and monuments and never mention the
beauty of the continent before its destruction?
Why would anyone purposely start and spread smallpox
and influenza which would kill Africans?
Why are there so many misrepresentations and stereotypes
of Africa and African Americans?
Why would anyone think that people from some of the
largest civilizations in human history be better off
with slavery and colonization?
So, why is the truth of African history being withheld
Now is the time to focus on
the real truth.
African Americans have been deliberately miseducated
about their history and themselves!
Telling historical truths is a way to share injustices and
begin to righteously work towards rectifying injustices.
Telling the truth is a way to begin to correct the
misrepresentations and stereotypes of Africans and
righteously work towards rectifying the injustices and
idea of whiteness and the lie at the heart of white
supremacy that devalues Africa and African Americans.
The journey of humanity is far more
diverse and beneficial than many ever
imagined. The further back we venture,
the more clarity and appreciation we
have regarding righteous human
relations and resolutions for the
problems with which we are now
Africans were the most industrious and advanced race on
earth. Africans are the founding fathers of most ancient
civilizations. This has and still makes white people afraid.
For eons some have done everything to segregate blacks
into poor schools and districts. Some have purposely
hidden the truth in the faces of African Americans in
hopes they, with truth being so close, will not be able to
focus on it until it's too late.
Digging deeper into African history helps to
clarify many of these hidden truths.
From approximately 6000 BCE (when the Nile Valley was
first inhabited) to 525 BCE is when the traditions of
several civilizations were established. The Stones were
used for constructing images, tombs and even the great
pyramids of Nubia and Kemet.
According to Smithsonian magazine, a
fossil discovery in 1924
revolutionized the search for human
ancestors, leading scientist to Africa.
Africa is a very relevant and indispensable country. It is
also the most centrally located place on earth. It covers
6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area.
Africa is a continent of thousands of languages and
cultures, exceptional eco-diversity, and over a billion
dynamic and ingenious Africans. Africa is the world's
second largest and second most populous continent, after
According to many experts,
Africa made the largest regional
contribution to the gene pool of
Studying African history and current events gives us a
deeper understanding of world history and even modern
African Studies help us to better understand ourselves.
We become better-informed global citizens when we
Let those who do, stop looking at
black people as property. If the truth
be told, genetically speaking, we were
all black once.
🌍African History Matters.
African American history provides insights. It helps us to
extrapolate from the subject matter of thought, discourse,
study, etc., although it is not explicitly stated.
It is in our DNA, as African Americans to desire to know
our roots... our ancestors. Knowing our history... gives us
a greater appreciation for our present situation.
When we know our true history and can focus on the
good and valuable contributions to society that
Africans made historically and African Americans
continue to make, we can draw from those cultural
differences and gain much needed insight.
There were thousands of homes around the huge square,
all in the shape of beehives.
Cattle breeding, milking cows and hunting big game were
all considered as being honorable activities, and for this
reason they were usually carried out by men.
More importantly, in terms of livelihood, social status and
also as the subject of economic transactions, was cattle.
For their protection against wild beasts kraals were
constructed. These circular corrals were located in the
center of each homestead. At night the herd was enclosed
there. Cattle were extremely highly valued, because the
size of the herd represented a benchmark of social success
for every man.
Did you know that in the
14th century, the city of
Timbuktu, in West Africa,
was five times larger than
the city of London and was
the richest city in the
is 236 times
The kingdoms of Benin and Ife were led by the Yoruba
people and sprang up between the 11th and 12th centuries.
The Ife civilization goes back as far as 500BC and its
people made objects from bronze, brass, copper, wood and
ivory. Studies of the Benin show that they were highly
skilled in ivory carving, pottery, rope and gum production.
In the west of Africa, the kingdom of Ghana was a vast
Empire that spread across an area the size of Western
Europe. Between the ninth and thirteenth centuries
Ghana traded in gold, salt and copper.
Ghana was highly advanced and
It is said that the Ghanaian ruler had an army of 200,000
Our historical texts are based on warmed-over tales where
details are distorted to make the story more compelling
and make some more admired. All are culpable of serious
lapses... especially the biased narratives where the
invasion of Africa and the presence of African Americans
are mysteriously twisted, distorted, overlooked
History books have been manipulated, reproduced, and
crafted for the purpose of filling a need, for the greedy
Those who turn a blind eye and bend reality to selfishly
suit their desires and personal preferences go to extreme
measures to cover up the misdeeds and the uncomfortable
truths about the pains of the past. This misrepresents and
mislead people about what happened centuries ago.
Many still view the inaccurate alternative facts and, in
some cases, outright fraudulent claims as truth. This has
compromised the integrity of our documented history.
Jeopardizing historical events has... and can have drastic
The faux history of America has been shoved into schools
and into the public eye. Many are very well aware of how
some of the myths have purposely made one racial group
appear to be more progressive than others.
As we are all now seeing, the erasures and omissions of
historical evils are beginning to backfire. This
misinformation has led to generational lies, which
have led to bigger lies people must tell to cover
up these false versions of reality which are increasingly
distancing one from the real self. This has created a
deficiency in the education of Americans and destroyed
the lives of thousands of African American families.
When the refusal to remember becomes routinely a part of
our political culture... the ability to have faith in our
system and its leaders fades.
Who is served?
Who benefits when historical deceptions happen?
What are our children learning when they are exposed to
liars on a world class scale?
Telling the truth empowers our children and generations
to come to change, grow, foster cultural appreciation,
fight against xenophobia, gives a full and honest view of
African Americans, and helps end racism. It is not about
erasing history, but confronting it honestly.
There's no question, talking about the generational lies
and white privilege that was not earned, but ill-gotten
can be a huge undertaking, but an incredibly important
conversation about uncomfortable truths that should not
To not have these difficult conversations regarding
uncomfortable truths could set your children up for
failure. This could cause your children to fill in racial
gaps by coming to harmful, problematic and inaccurate
conclusions that could prove to be harmful and painful
for them, once their eyes are opened to truth.
Real love for our children goes beyond generational
hidden truths and lies that were used to control others.
Your children may become freedom fighters. Their
consciousness may be higher and broader, and they may
just want to do what is right and they want to be that kind
of person. It could be their assignment from God. Can you
say the same about the secrets?
Telling the truth earns respect and helps them to not see
their loved one being a part of generational lies that have
hurt and killed others.
Reconciliation occurs when we are able to sincerely
speak truth, even when it is uncomfortable. The truth
about the good, bad and ugly of history will help our
children navigate their natural curiosity.
With the information super highway at their fingertips,
children are learning and hearing about historical truths
and lies, whether it comes from the parents or not.
Children usually look to their parents to explain.
Telling our children the truth about their history is the
responsible thing to do. It will enlighten the parent
and it will be beneficial... a light for our children.
Let us not be surprised if we find ourselves teaching,
growing and learning historical truths together.
There are conversations that need to happen around
the world, ASAP! It is our prayer that people are open-
minded enough to learn the truth.
There are two ways to be fooled: to accept what
isn’t true or to refuse to accept what is true.
Why are we telling children stories
that we know to be false?
For approximately 500 years, white
supremacy has exploited humanity
and plundered the planet. If we
know better, why aren't we teaching
our children the truth rather than
a whitewashed version of U.S.
Why are we, as Believers in God,
not telling the truth and not trying to
bring this selfish and horrible deed to
all humanity to a halt? How can
anyone continue to live with such
The prehistory of the United States
started with the arrival of Native
Americans before 15,000 BC. The
arrival of Christopher Columbus was
Why are we not telling the truth about
how Native Americans were stripped
of their culture and pushed off their
In Martin Luther King Jr.'s book on civil rights "Why We
Can't Wait", he explains "Our nation was born in genocide
when it embraced the doctrine that the original American,
the Indian, was an inferior race."
According to Wikipedia, Mi'kmaq elder and human rights activist Daniel N. Paul has researched written extensively of historic accounts of atrocious acts of violence against First Nations peoples in North America.
His work states European colonialism in Canada and America was a subjugation of the indigenous peoples and is an unequivocal violent series of crimes against humanity which has been unparalleled historically.
Tens of millions First Nations died at the hands of European invaders in an attempt to appropriate the entirety of the land. Those hundreds of diverse civilizations and communities who thrived across North America thousands of years before the exploits of Christopher Columbus were ultimately destroyed.
Dehumanization occurred in the form of barbaric genocidal processes of murder, rape, starvation, enslavement, allocation, and germ warfare. Of the myriad of ways, the colonists performed ethnic cleansing, one of the most frequent was the practice of bounty hunting and scalping—where colonial conquerors would raid communities and remove the scalps of children and adults.
This war crime of scalping was most prevalent when maritime colonialists repeatedly attempted to eradicate Daniel N. Paul's ancestors, the Mi'kmaq. Scalping was common practice in many United States areas all the way until the 1860s in an attempt to completely wipe out the remaining First Nations.
Why are we not honestly and openly
speaking out about the enduring power
of white racism?
Are white people fearful that the
atrocities, tragedies and many pitfalls
they created in the lives of millions
will be their fate?
Why aren't white people telling the
truth about what they already know
Why are we still bending and
censoring the truth to make others out
to be the villains... when we know that
has not always been the case?
How will future generations ever have
honest discussions about real issues in
Eventually, in the face of new
historical evidence, the baseless
misinformation and false memories
that America's forefathers perpetuated
can dangerously undermine and put
future generations in harm's way.
The effects refers to the tendency for
the post misinformation to feel more
like betrayal... shattering their faith,
causing horrible feelings of distrust...
which can create major pitfalls.
How will future generations view their
ancestors who perpetuated white
supremacy ideologies and historical
lies that had such enormously tragic
impact on millions?
To downplay the historical pitfalls and
overly emphasize the successes... how
will those generational historical
distortions be explained?
In the United States of America, we all have the freedom
of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people to
assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of
We have the right to have an opinion; although, no
opinion is absolute.
We love America and realize, from an acutely conscious
and comparative perspective, that our country is a
blessed and exceptional nation. To live in the United
States is a great privilege. America is
The United States of America is a beautiful country. The
land of opportunity. One can be dazzled by the amazing
wonders that are conveniently located right here on U.S.
soil. One can venture out and about and see some of the
most impressive and breath-taking places, in America.
Right now, our patriotism must be rooted in our
commitment to... and responsibilities for one another.
When we pledge allegiance to the flag and to the republic
for which it stands, we are pledging to stay united in spite
of our differences. We are pledging to fight for justice,
especially when it means we must take to the streets in the
face of injustice. And we are pledging to fight for liberty,
knowing that no one is free until we are all free.
In the end, those who claim to love this nation need also
to love the ideals to which America aspires. Here in the
United States, according to our Constitution,
"All are created equal".
We all deserve justice, and we all deserve liberation.
Telling the authentic story is a way to shine a light on very
important issues and experiences that many may not be
aware of. It gives everyone an opportunity to have a
glimpse of another perspective.
Being truthful brings great benefits. Historical truths allow
us to progressively become more improved, legitimate,
sincere and higher versions of ourselves, as a “higher
self”. This is at the heart of all of the “Spiritual”
Cartoons of the 30s and 40s demonized
African Americans and helped to perpetuate
These cruel depictions of African Americans being
considered backwards are subliminal messages sent to our
Subliminal messages can literally bypass our
conscious mind without us even knowing about it.
It is for this reason that one cannot hear the
"suggestions" embedded in subliminal messages. For
some, subliminal messages are synonymous with mind
control. Many are not consciously aware of their impact
on our behavior. These subliminal messages are a form of
mental manipulation designed to alter our behavior in
some way without our consent or knowledge.
Several people worked on these animations, frame by
frame for hours... what a horrible waste of talent. These
depictions were also tools used to teach people of color
how to feel about themselves and influence how others
should regard African Americans.
African Americans built this country
for free... and are depicted as lazy.
Slaves did all of the field work,
building, nursing, cleaning, cooking,
etc., yet, they are depicted as
lethargic, sleeping the day away,
and/or lazy... really?
Racism was condoned and intrinsic to the cartoon. It
cannot be denied that the cartoons contained images that
are completely unacceptable. The message is that only
music can energize African Americans.
There has to be a special place reserved in hell
for those who could stoop so low.
In the Compromise of 1877, white people gave up all
pretenses about integrating Black people into American
society as full citizens. White democrats and white
republicans agreed to abandon Reconstruction, let the kkk
and other racists take control of governments without any
federal intervention…and the rest is history.
Compromise of 1877 - U.S. Presidents - HISTORY.com
Emancipation benefited white men in control of the new
industrial capitalist economy—-but Black people getting
gainful employment did not.
So that brings us to the myth of Black people and
“laziness”. What were Southern governments going to do
with all of the unemployed, under-employed and
disenfranchised Black men that had recently been
regurgitated out of the beast of the chattel slave economy?
Make up lies as a legal pretense to put Black men back in
shackles and exploit their labor again. As Douglas
Blackmon writes in Slavery By Another Name:
Convict leasing was the practice of governments handing
over state prisoners to work —-basically for free—for
large companies. Conveniently, just as large corporations
were taking advantage of economic opportunities that
arose from continued westward expansion/
industrialization in the South, the continued enslavement
of Black men through the convict lease system allowed
for them to fulfill their labor demands through legal
slavery without actually having to employ the large
numbers of people that would otherwise be required to
conduct massive operations like railroad construction and
Convict lease - Wikipedia Just like in slavery, white men
claimed that Black people were lazy because they wanted
to exploit Black people to work for free labor.
Some have vested interests in preserving the status quo.
rooted beliefs are not easily abandoned.
Systems are notorious for resisting change; although,
historical lies have caused unspeakable suffering, untold
damage and in some cases, millions of deaths. Some will
not face the truth, but stick to and live what they know to
Historical lies have and can distort how we think about
virtually everything. It's important that we do not forget
these deliberately selfish and unacceptable acts
of deception that continue a vicious cycle of animosity,
ugliness, warped justice and racism.
For all our sakes... let us be honest about our authentic,
our true, our uncorrupted diverse historical events.
Without the truth, future generations may be tempted to
to add insult to injury by telling more lies to cover and
color all of the other generational lies up.
When the truth is told, we all are benefited. It is
undeniable that telling the truth makes history remarkable.
Truth is the foundation for determining the quality and
condition of our lives. It is a good investment to make in
our lives and the lives of future generations.
Why does the American history resonate so widely?
The way we understand our history
shapes who we are.
So what happens when our history is fabricated, erased...
rubbed out and forgotten?
There are sizable holes in the narratve of history, some
believe if they tell a lie loud enough and often enough,
people will accept it as truth. Some have purposely
endeavored to destroy historic relics preserved from
humankind's earliest era just to support their creatively
Erasing history is a dangerous path because it means that
the truth becomes something malleable. History has been
constructed instead of recorded. Revisionist history can
easily turn into a disaster of historic proportions! Picking
and choosing which details to omit and/or focus on
may make the events seem like they were heroic... or
when the blinders are removed... the history shouts, this is
not so... it has not been!
Erasing the facts doesn’t mean that events will go away,
and they never happened. Neither does it mean that one
has succeeded in narrowing another's range of thought.
It just means no one, all inclusive, can learn very much if
they depend only on historical fiction... which is a false
path of understanding.
The degree to which we deviate from the truth, reality and
existence, and more specifically the path and way of
truth, will determine the quality, condition and degree
to which we experience confusion, suffering and chaos in
Many Europeans assumed Africa's history was not
relevant. They argued that Africans were inferior to
Europeans and needed to be civilized and converted to
Christanity. Europeans believed that colonizing was a way
for them to do God's work. Not all Europeans believed
According to our fact finding explorations, Africans
were by no stretch of the imagination inferior to
Europe. The Europeans used these notions to justify
slavery. The reality, however, was quite different.
As one Iraqi archaeologist put it:
"No history, no culture, no past."
If we don’t remember where we came from, how can we
aspire to continuously improve?
When We Forget History,
We Forget Our Values.
Africa is the cradle of the human race.
Millions of years ago, human life started in Africa, the
According to Wikipedia encyclopedia, the
paleoanthropological site self-proclaimed as the Cradle of
Humankind is located about 50 km (31 mi) northwest of
Johannesburg, South Africa, in the Gauteng province.
Declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1999, the
site currently occupies 47,000 hectares (180 sq mi) and
contains a complex of limestone caves.
The registered name of the site in the list of World
Heritage sites is Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa.
According to existing archaeological and fossil evidence,
however, the Cradle of Humankind is the Afar Triangle in
East Africa, which is often referred to as the Cradle of
The Sterkfontein Caves were the site of the discovery of a
2.3-million-year-old fossil Australopithecus africanus
(nicknamed "Mrs. Ples"), found in 1947 by Robert Broom
and John T. Robinson. The find helped corroborate the
1924 discovery of the juvenile Australopithecus africanus
skull known as the "Taung Child", by Raymond Dart, at
Taung in the North West Province of South Africa, where
excavations still continue.
Nearby, but not in the site, the Rising Star Cave system
contains the Dinaledi Chamber (chamber of stars), in
which were discovered fifteen fossil skeletons of an
extinct species of hominin, provisionally named Homo
Sterkfontein alone has produced more than a third of early
hominid fossils ever found prior to 2010. The Dinaledi
Chamber contains over 1,500 H. naledi fossils, the most
extensive discovery of a single hominid species ever
found in Africa.
The thief comes only to steal
and kill and destroy!
Satan conceals truth, is
and targets the mind.
His weapon: Lies!
His purpose: To make people
ignorant of who they are and Whose
they are... where they came from and
what they came from.
Satan is very dangerous and divisive.
He prospers through division.
Throughout history he has been
known to pit people against each other
and make them maim and/or kill each
other. He uses subtle methods to stir
up hatred, animosity and insanity. He
may even flip the script and have
people believing his victim is crazy.
Let us not forget:
Jesus said in John 8:44, "Satan was a
murderer from the beginning, not
holding the truth. When he lies, he
speaks his native language, for he is a
liar and the father of lies".
Satan and his troops are out to mislead; and to persuade
the willing soul to believe in something that is not true.
Satan would like to keep strong minds weak and docile
while pretending to do the opposite. He is the master of
disguise. He deceives, controls, oppresses and destroys
humanity in subtle ways and can appear in many different
forms... even innocently.
Satan wants to alter, sicken and/or kill the mind, body and
Satan has been notorious for trying to
deceive and hide Divine truth from
Black history is the history
of enslavement, African
history is the history of
Why Africana History?
by Dr. John Henrik Clarke
Africa and its people are the most written about and the least understood of all of the world's people. This condition started in the 15th and the 16th centuries with the beginning of the slave trade system. The Europeans not only colonialized most of the world, they began to colonialize information about the world and its people. In order to do this, they had to forget, or pretend to forget, all they had previously known abut the Africans. They were not meeting them for the first time; there had been another meeting during Greek and Roman times. At that time they complemented each other. The African, Clitus Niger, King of Bactria, was also a cavalry commander for Alexander the Great. Most of the Greeks' thinking was influenced by this contact with the Africans. The people and the cultures of what is known as Africa are older than the word "Africa." According to most records, old and new, Africans are the oldest people on the face of the earth. The people now called Africans not only influenced the Greeks and the Romans, they influenced the early world before there was a place called Europe.
When the early Europeans first met Africans, at the crossroads of history, it was a respectful meeting and the Africans were not slaves. Their nations were old before Europe was born. In this period of history, what was to be later known as "Africa" was an unknown place to the people who would someday be called, "Europeans." Only the people of some of the Mediterranean Islands and a few states of what would become the Greek and Roman areas knew of parts of North Africa, and that was a land of mystery. After the rise and decline of Greek civilization and the Roman destruction of the city of Carthage, they made the conquered territories into a province which they called Africa, a word derived from "afri" and the name of a group of people about whom little is known. At first the word applied only to the Roman colonies in North Africa. There was a time when all dark-skinned people were called Ethiopians, for the Greeks referred to Africa as, "The Land Of The Burnt-Face People."
If Africa, in general, is a man-made mystery, Egypt, in particular, is a bigger one. There has long been an attempt on the part of some European "scholars" to deny that Egypt was a part of Africa. To do this they had to ignore the great masterpieces on Egyptian history written by European writers such as, Ancient Egypt. Light of the World, Vols. I & II, and a whole school of European thought that placed Egypt in proper focus in relationship to the rest of Africa.
The distorters of African history also had to ignore the fact that the people of the ancient land which would later be called Egypt, never called their country by that name. It was called, Ta-Merry or Kampt and sometimes Kemet or Sais. The ancient Hebrews called it Mizrain. Later the Moslem Arabs used the same term but later discarded it. Both the Greeks and the Romans referred to the country as the "Pearl Of The Nile." The Greeks gave it the simple name, Aegyptcus. Thus the word we know as Egypt is of Greek Origin. Until recent times most Western scholars have been reluctant to call attention to the fact that the Nile River is 4,000 miles long. It starts in the south, in the heart of Africa, and flows to the north. It was the world's first cultural highway. Thus Egypt was a composite of many African cultures. In his article, "The Lost Pharaohs of Nubia," Professor Bruce Williams infers that the nations in the South could be older than Egypt. This information is not new. When rebel European scholars were saying this 100 years ago, and proving it, they were not taken seriously.
It is unfortunate that so much of the history of Africa has been written by conquerors, foreigners, missionaries and adventurers. The Egyptians left the best record of their history written by local writers. It was not until near the end of the 18th century when a few European scholars learned to decipher their writing that this was understood.
The Greek traveler, Herodotus, was in Africa about 450 B.C. His eyewitness account is still a revelation. He witnessed African civilization in decline and partly in ruins, after many invasions. However, he could still see the indications of the greatness that it had been. In this period in history, the Nile Valley civilization of Africa had already brought forth two "Golden Ages" of achievement and had left its mark for all the world to see.
Slavery and colonialism strained, but did not completely break, the cultural umbilical cord between the Africans in Africa and those who, by forced migration, now live in what is called the Western World. A small group of African-American and Caribbean writers, teachers and preachers, collectively developed the basis of what would be an African Consciousness movement over 100 years ago. Their concern was with African, in general, Egypt and Ethiopia, and what we now call the Nile Valley.
Satan's goal is to: steal, kill, destroy, confuse, deceive,
control and lord over people, shorten lifespans, weaken
minds (while pretending to do the opposite), poison what
people eat, drink, breathe and wear. He uses fear as a
weapon. He would have others toil while only he and his
clan prospers. Satan pits people against each other and
tries to control all aspects of our lives.
Satan is an instigator, he stirs hatred and animosity
(making people hate themselves and their neighbors).
Satan's ideal is to keep people financially enslaved and in
debt. He is an accuser, he accuses others of crimes while
presenting a different story via the invisible realm of the
air. Because Satan is the prince of the power of the air
(Ephesians 2:2)... he can broadcast his lies and character
assassinations to the masses... covering massive territory
with one fatal swoop.
Satan is very divisive, he wants to lead people to the point
of self-destruction (making people live in fear and anger).
He wants to keep us from knowing who we are and
Whose we are by way of secrecy and ignorance. He is
notorious for recruiting people to carry out his plans.
Satan does not want us to know what he has done to
humanity or find out that we are one... we are equal in the
sight of God.
He endeavors to scrutinize, tear people down,
tempt, confuse and discourage his target in an effort
to cause misery, vexation, sorrow, doubt and faithlessness.
Satan wants nothing more than to enter certain areas of
our lives and render us ineffective for the Kingdom of
God. Satan wants us to feel unworthy to lift our hands to
praise God or even lift up God's Word! He works on the
mind in such a way as to induce a state of mental passivity.
Satan is so envious and malicious that he will leave no
stone unturned in his attempts to tear people down and rob
them of their peace in God and place in history.
Has our world become a place where a convincing or
deceptive lie is more valued and welcome than the truth?
Why are there so many profound and twisted
contradictions in U.S. History textbooks?
Why do U.S. History text books deliberately distort and/or
trade accuracy and then force feed these inaccurate
narratives to the history curriculum?
Have U.S. History textbooks been revised or manipulated
to erase sinful acts and puff up people in a way they
would want others to perceive them to be?
Why do U.S. History textbooks miseducate people with
grossly inaccurate perceptions and serious lapses?
Why are some of the most shockingly appalling aspects of
slavery, i.e., the brutality, inhumanity, aggressively racist
mistreatment and unparalleled exploitation and
enslavement of black people throughout history been
The life-blood of courageous black men and women is
soaked in the soil they fought to save; yet, history has
either erased, revised or forgotten to include African
Americans from all significant events of the world... while
making the white race appear more relevant?
Why are there so many missing chapters of history?
History is overflowing with inaccuracies and omissions.
There are fabrications, perjuries, deception and outright
lies that have reached epidemic proportions threatening
the very foundations of our society, corrupting our civil
discourse and distorting our politics. Many of these
contradictions are so tremendously vast... they
are virtually inconceivable.
These false accounts of history have hidden the brutality
slaves encountered. There was forced slave labor, forced
sexual acts with women slaves, whippings, beatings,
shackling slaves, lynchings, mind games, public
humiliations, buck breakings, sodomizing men and
Were these enormously false narratives carried out in
order to paint a picture that is not indicative of who they
Were these lies told in order to advance certain people?
These despicable acts against humanity have adversely
affected scores of people.
Rather than feeling robbed or
seeking truth, some people form and
cling to false beliefs about African
Americans despite overwhelming
evidence that confirms what they
already know or would rather not hear.
Rather than search for information that will either
confirm or give a different perspective about
African Americans... some would rather ignore contrary
information and seek out or develop elaborate
rationalizations based on misinformation that supports
what they want to believe; although, the information is
faulty to the core.
The Black Man Came From
King Tut was born in ancient Egypt.
In the opinion of some scholars, King Tut was handsome
and the most famous king in all of Egypt.
King Tut's legacy was largely negated by his successors.
He was barely known to the modern world until 1922,
when British archaeologist Howard Carter chiseled
through a doorway and entered the pharaoh’s tomb, which
had remained sealed for more than 3,200 years.
The tomb’s vast hoard of artifacts and treasure, intended
to accompany the king into the afterlife, revealed an
incredible amount about royal life in ancient Egypt, and
quickly made King Tut the world’s most famous pharaoh.
Egypt was the first of many appreciable African
civilizations. It lasted thousands of years and
accomplished many noble and astounding things in the
fields of science, mathematics, medicine, technology and
the arts. Egyptian civilization was already over 2000 years
old by the time the city of Rome was built.
symbolizes the royalty of Egypt. It acts as a symbol of
man's dominance over nature. The sphinx's majestic
and imposing appearance serve as a form of warning to
looters entering the Necropolis.
The Sphinx has an unique design: a human-animal hybrid
that combines a lion's body with a man's head. Ancient
Egyptians considered such mixed Egyptians to signify the
divine. The Sphinx represents a composite of the mortal
and the immortal. By placing the head of the pharaoh on
the lion's body, the Egyptians were expressing the notion
that their ruler was more than a man.
This way of thought had its roots in
man's social evolution.
In the primitive days of humanity, men lived in fear and
awe of wild animals, which seemed superior by virtue of
their strength, speed and ferociousness. However, as man's
collective intelligence increased, so did his ability to tame
nature, and this bolstered his confidence. The placement
of the pharaoh's head on the animal's body represents
humanity's dominion of nature and chaos.
New study finds that many Egyptian statues have broken
noses because of intentional defacement. 🤔
The Africans shared knowledge with
Europeans without prejudice. Little
did they know Europeans would use
that knowledge to oppress their
Slavery and colonization by
These human beings were
forced into a completely
Why was the invasion of
Africa and the kidnapping of
Africans and the slavery,
imposed upon them,
minimized in U.S. history
Slavery and Racism in the Bible
“Anyone who kidnaps someone is to be put to death,
whether the victim has been sold or is still in the
kidnapper’s possession” (Exodus 21:16).
Africans were demeaned and
dishonored of their very humanity.
The people who suffered the most from the Transatlantic
Slave Trade were civilized, organized and technologically
advanced people, long before the arrival of European
slavers, trying to suggest they were backward people.
Africans were stolen into slavery and
transported to a strange land. They
were robbed of their language, culture
and family ties.
Our understanding of the importance
of African history is virtually absolute.
The very nature of white supremacy requires righteous
teaching about slavery, the genocide of indigenous people
and the many atrocities, struggles and ugly realities that
were and still are being deliberately obscured.
Dr. DuBois tells us that, "Nearly every human empire that
has arisen in the world, material and spiritual, has found
some of its greatest crises on this continent of Africa. It
was through Africa that Christianity became the religion
of the world . . . It was through Africa that Islam came to
play its great role of conqueror and civilizer."
Egypt and the nations of the Nile Valley were, figuratively, the beating heart of Africa and the incubator for its greatness for more than a thousand years. Egypt gave birth to what later would become known as "Western Civilization," long before the greatness of Greece and Rome.
This is a part of the African story, and in the distance it is a part of the African-American story. It is difficult for depressed African-Americans to know that they are a part of the larger story of the history of the world. The history of the modern world was made, in the main, by what was taken from African people. Europeans emerged from what they call their "Middle-Ages," people-poor, land-poor and resources-poor. And to a great extent, culture-poor. They raided and raped the cultures of the world, mostly Africa, and filled their homes and museums with treasures, then they called the people primitive. The Europeans did not understand the cultures of non-Western people then; they do not understand them now.
History, I have often said, is a clock that people use to tell their political time of day. It is also a compass that people use to find themselves on the map of human geography. History tells a people where they have been and what they have been. It also tells a people where they are and what they are. Most importantly, history tells a people where they still must go and what they still must be.
There is no way to go directly to the history of African-Americans without taking a broader view of African world history. In his book, Tom-Tom, the writer John W. Vandercook makes this meaningful statement: A race is like a man.
Until it uses its own talents, takes pride in its own history, and loves its own memories, it can never fulfill itself completely. This, in essence, is what African-American history and what African-American History Month is about. The phrase African-American or African-American History Month, taken at face value and without serious thought, appears to be incongruous. Why is there a need for an African-American History Month when there is no similar month for the other minority groups in the United States. The history of the United States, in total, consists of the collective histories of minority groups. What we call 'American civilization' is no more than the sum of their contributions. The African- Americans are the least integrated and the most neglected of these groups in the historical interpretation of the American experience. This neglect has made African-American History Month a necessity.
Most of the large ethnic groups in the United States have had, and still have, their historical associations. Some of these associations predate the founding of the Association For The Study of Negro Life and History (1915). Dr. Charles H. Wesley tells us that, "Historical societies were organized in the United States with the special purpose in view of preserving and maintaining the heritage of the American nation."
Within the framework of these historical societies, many ethnic groups, Black as well as white, engaged in those endeavors that would keep alive their beliefs in themselves and their past as a part of their hopes for the future. For African-Americans, Carter G. Woodson led the way and used what was then called, Negro History Week, to call attention to his people's contribution to every aspect of world history. Dr. Woodson, then Director of the Association For the Study of Negro Life and History, conceived this special week as a time when public attention should be focused on the achievements of America's citizens of African descent.
The acceptance of the facts of African-American history and the African-American historian as a legitimate part of the academic community did not come easily. Slavery ended and left its false images of Black people intact. In his article, "What the Historian Owes the Negro," the noted African-American historian, Dr. Benjamin Quarles, says:
"The Founding Fathers, revered by historians for over a century and a half, did not conceive of the Negro as part of the body of politics. Theoretically, these men found it hard to imagine a society where Negroes were of equal status to whites. Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States, who was far more liberal than the run of his contemporaries, was never the less certain that "the two races, equally free, cannot live in the same government."
I have been referring to the African origin of African-American literature and history. This preface is essential to every meaningful discussion of the role of the African-American in every aspect of American life, past and present. I want to make it clear that the Black race did not come to the United States culturally empty-handed. The role and importance of ethnic history is in how well it teaches a people to use their own talents, take pride in their own history and love their own memories. In order to fulfill themselves completely, in all of their honorable endeavors it is important that the teacher of history of the Black race find a definition of the subject, and a frame of reference that can be understood by students who have no prior knowledge of the subject. The following definition is paraphrased from a speech entitled, "The Negro Writer and His Relation To His Roots," by Saunders Redding, (1960):
Heritage, in essence, is how a people have used their talent to created a history that gives them memories that they can respect, and use to command the respect of other people. The ultimate purpose of history and history teaching is to use a people's talent to develop an awareness and a pride in themselves so that they can create better instruments for living together with other people. This sense of identity is the stimulation for all of a people's honest and creative efforts. A people's relationship to their heritage is the same as the relationship of a child to its mother. I repeat: History is a clock that people use to tell their time of day. It is a compass that they use to find themselves on the map of human geography. It also tells them where they are, and what they are. Most importantly, an understanding of history tells a people where they still must go, and what they still must be.
Early white American historians did not accord African people anywhere a respectful place in their commentaries on the history of man. In the closing years of the nineteenth century, African- American historians began to look at their people's history from their vantage point and their point of view. Dr. Benjamin Quarks observed that "as early as 1883 this desire to bring to public attention the untapped material on the Negro prompted George Washington Williams to publish his two-volume History of The Negro Race in America from 1619 to 1880. The first formally trained African-American historian was W.E.B. DuBois, whose doctoral dissertation, published in 1895, The Suppression Of The African Slave Trade To The United States, 1638-1870, became the first title to be published in the Harvard Historical Studies. It was with Carter G. Woodson, another Ph.D., that African world history took a great leap forward and found a defender who could document his claims. Woodson was convinced that unless something was done to rescue the Black man from history's oversight, he would become a "negligible factor in the thought of the world. "
Woodson, in 1915, founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History. Woodson believed that there was no such thing as, "Negro History. " He said what was called "Negro History" was only a missing segment of world history. He devoted the greater portion of his life to restoring this segment.
Africa came into the Mediterranean world, mainly through Greece, which had been under African influence, and then Africa was cut off from the melting pot by the turmoil among the Europeans and the religious conquests incident to the rise of Islam. Africa, prior to these events, had developed its history and civilization, indigenous to its people and lands. Africa came back into the general picture of history through the penetration of North Africa, West Africa and the Sudan by the Arabs. European and American slave traders next ravaged the continent. The imperialist colonizers and missionaries finally entered the scene and prevailed until the recent re-emergence of independent African nations.
Africans are, of course, closely connected to the history of both North and South America. The African-American's role in the social, economic and political development of the American states is an important foundation upon which to build racial understanding, especially in areas in which false generalization and stereotypes have been developed to separate peoples rather than to unite them. Contrary to a misconception which still prevails, the Africans were familiar with literature and art for many years before their contact with the Western World. Before the breaking-up of the social structure of the West African states of Ghana, Mali and Song-hay and the internal strife and chaos that made the slave trade possible, the forefathers of the Africans who eventually became slaves in the United States, lived in a society where university life was fairly common and scholars were held in reverence.
To understand fully any aspect of African-American life, one must realize that the African-American is not without a cultural past, though he was many generations removed from it before his achievements in American literature and art commanded any appreciable attention. Africana, or Black History, should be taught every day, not only in the schools, but also in the home. African History Month should be every month. We need to learn about all the African people of the world, including those who live in Asia and the islands of the Pacific.
In the twenty-first century there will be over one billion African people in the world. We are tomorrow's people. But, of course, we were yesterday's people, too. With an understanding of our new importance we can change the world, if first we change ourselves.
The late Dr. John Henrik Clarke, a pre-eminent African-American historian, author of several volumes on the history of Africa and the Diaspora, taught in the Department of Black and Puerto Rican Studies at Hunter College of the City University of New York.
Originally published in THE BLACK COLLEGIAN Magazine (1997).
In the mid-1500s, resistant Africans were kidnapped from
their homes and European mariners started bringing
Africans to America as slaves. They were packed on board the vessels like sardines. Many died at sea and were thrown overboard.
Africans were forced to
They were branded
and loaded onto ships.
There is no shortage of dehumanization, cruelty, suffering
and injustice. Unfortunately, recurring themes continue to
impact the lives of African Americans... it's just warmed
Many were bound, chained and/or shackled below deck.
On board the slave vessels, an estimated one-third of these
individuals died at sea.
Merchants traded humans as merchandise. They were sold
at auctions to owners who would punish slaves harshly.
These owners wanted them primarily as plantation
workers. They would break up families by selling them.
The institution of slavery was the exchange of human
beings into a medium of exchange, solely for the profit
of their owners.
Slaves had no rights over their bodies or loved ones. Slave
owners controlled the general conditions of their lives,
i.e., where they lived, what they ate, their work, etc. They
would also give slaves intoxicating drinks to dumb them
down and give them no time to think of escaping.
Slave owners had no human consideration for slaves.
They were viewed as nothing less than property.
Slave owners mortgaged slaves and bred them. They
waged Slaves in bets, gave slaves as wedding presents,
passed slaves on to heirs, took them from their spouses
and/or children to settle debts or to begrudge a rival or to
settle an estate.
Slaves were routinely whipped, raped, and branded,
subjected to any desire or dis-ease of their owners.
Some were castrated and endured many cruel and
The information and picture (above) is an excerpt from, Atlanta Black Star is a narrative company. We publish narratives intentionally and specifically to enlighten and transform the world.
Throughout the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, the
kidnappings continued, from the continent of Africa.
Africans were forced into slavery in the American
colonies. They were exploited to work as indentured
servants and labor in the production of tobacco and cotton.
Slaves performed the labor and others prospered from
Buck breaking was the heinous and atrocious acts of the
beating, raping and sodomizing of African slaves by their
angry slave masters who thought a slave was being defiant
and needed to be taught a lesson. These atrocities were
done to degrade, humiliate, destroy the self-esteem and
break the spirit and manhood of the strong and intimidate
the weak African male slave. Many of the male slaves,
after being sadistically raped, committed suicide or would
run away and never return because they were traumatized
and could not live with the abuse, rape and emasculation.
The horrific act of buck breaking first started with
stripping naked the male slaves and having them flogged
while in full view of the other slaves, the public and their
children. These heinous acts of stripping, raping and
sodomizing affected both children and men.
This sexual exploitation was about more than sexual
gratification, for the white supremacist, buck breaking
was about example making and asserting power. It was the
slave masters violent and dehumanizing way
of humiliating the men and showing dominance.
Slave masters would ritualistically abuse their slaves to
demonstrate their power and mastery over them.
They later created sex farms where male African slaves
were bred just for the purpose of being raped.
According to many historians, enslaved men with families
were forced to have sex with each other in front of their
family or were raped in front of their sons. Many enslaved
men who had gone through the process of buck breaking
killed themselves afterwards or ran away and never
For the white supremacists, buck breaking either on ships
or on plantations was a way of utterly embarrassing the
men and showing dominance.
Buck Breaking was so successful that it was made into a
“Sex Farm” where white men could travel from plantation
to plantation feeding their sadistic, homosexual needs.
Literacy was believed to make the enslaved unhappy at
best, insolent and sullen at worst. As put by a
Washington lawyer Elias B. Caldwell:
"The more you improve the condition of these people,
the more you cultivate their minds, the more
miserable you make them, in their present state. You
give them a higher relish for those privileges which
they can never attain, and turn what we intend for a
blessing (slavery) into a curse.
No, if they must remain in their present situation,
keep them in the lowest state of degradation and
ignorance. The nearer you bring them to the condition
of brutes, the better chance do you give them of
possessing their apathy."
When southern clergy became defenders of slavery, the
master class could look upon organized religion as a
partner of sorts. The gospel became the best instrument to
control and maintain good conduct among the negroes.
Through teaching slaves the message of the Bible, they
were encouraged to bear the earthly burden in exchange
for heavenly rewards. Slaves were frightened into
believing that disobedience to earthly masters would be
perceived by God as disobedience to Him.
Benjamin Banneker (November 9, 1731 –
October 19, 1806) was a free man. He was the author of
the African-American almanac. He was largely self taught.
Benjamin Banneker was a surveyor, naturalist, and farmer.
He was born in Baltimore County, Maryland. He became
one of the most famous African Americans in early U.S.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, some blacks gained their
freedom, acquired property, and gained access to
American society. Many moved to the North, where
slavery, although it was still legal, had less of a presence.
Harriet Tubman was an escaped enslaved woman who
became a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad,
leading enslaved people to freedom before the Civil War,
all while carrying a bounty on her head. Mrs. Tubman was
also a nurse, a Union spy and a women’s suffrage
Jim Crow laws flourished within an oppressive society
marked by violence.
The North was not immune to Jim Crow-like laws. Some
states required Black people to own property before they
could vote, schools and neighborhoods were segregated,
and businesses displayed “Whites Only” signs.
Jim Crow laws were a collection of state and local statutes
that legalized racial segregation. Named after a Black
minstrel show character, the laws—which existed for
about 100 years, from the post-Civil War era until 1968—
were meant to marginalize African Americans by denying
them the right to vote, hold jobs, get an education or other
opportunities. Those who attempted to defy Jim Crow
laws often faced arrest, fines, jail sentences, violence and
Extreme cruelty, such as lynchings, forces us to confront
the harsh truths of evil, entitled, exploitive and heartless
people. Some people harbor thoughts of revenge in their
hearts and can casually perform some of the most evil,
inhumane and hateful acts against humanity.
There are far too many who are quick to project blame,
accusations, flaws and moral shortcomings onto others.
Some people can be notorious for dismissing and/or
disowning their personal responsibility, or blatantly lie in
an effort to hide their undesirable characteristics or inflate
their false image.
Some are so pathetic, they deflect, bend and negate reality
and want others to accept their unreasonable justifications
for their heinous behavior. It is baffling how one can
shamelessly blame the actual victim and stoop so low,
without any remorse.
How can anyone, being blessed with the ability to reason...
be capable of heinous, heartless, barbaric reasoning, such
Of all God's creatures... these are some of the most toxic
Billie Holliday sings this heart wrenching song, not to
minimize or embellish lynching. It is a harsh and
heartbreaking fact... that she pours out in song.
Memphis teacher Ida B. Wells became a prominent activist against Jim Crow laws after refusing to leave a first-class train car designated for white people only. A conductor forcibly removed her and she successfully sued the railroad, though that decision was later reversed by a higher court.
Angry at the injustice, Wells devoted herself to fighting Jim Crow laws. Her vehicle for dissent was newspaper writing: In 1889 she became co-owner of the Memphis Free Speech and Headlight and used her position to take on school segregation and sexual harassment.
Wells traveled throughout the South to publicize her work and advocated for the arming of Black citizens. Wells also investigated lynchings and wrote about her findings.
A mob destroyed her newspaper and threatened her with death, forcing her to move to the North, where she continued her efforts against Jim Crow laws and lynching.
The post-World War II era saw an increase in civil rights
activities in the African American community, with a
focus on ensuring that Black citizens were able to vote.
This ushered in the civil rights movement, resulting in the
removal of Jim Crow laws.
The abolitionist movement was an organized effort to end
the practice of slavery in the United States.
*An abolitionist is a person who fought to abolish slavery
during the 19th century. They sought the immediate and
full emancipation of all slaves.
Sojourner Truth was born into slavery in New York, and became an important voice in the fight for racial and gender equality. She was an American abolitionist.
Frederick Douglass was born into slavery in Maryland. When he was sold, the wife of his owner taught him the alphabet, despite the ban on teaching slaves to read and write. His ability to read refined his political views and human rights ideology, and gave him the impetus to become an American social reformer, American abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman.
Harriet Beecher Stowe cared about social justice. She was an American abolitionist and author. She wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin, which depicts the harsh reality of African-American slaves in the United States.
Harriet Tubman was born into slavery. She was an American abolitionist.
John Brown helped both freed and escaped slaves find refuge along the route of the Underground Railroad. He also created the League of Gileadites, a group formed to protect black citizens from slave hunters. John Brown was executed on December 2, 1859, after he was captured during the failed raid on Harper’s Ferry.
By the mid-19th century, America’s westward expansion
and the abolition movement provoked a great debate over
slavery that would tear the nation apart in the bloody Civil
When the Civil War began, many Northern blacks
volunteered to fight for the Union. Some people expressed
surprise at how fiercely black troops fought. But black
soldiers were fighting for more than restoring the Union.
They were fighting to liberate their people.
Black soldiers were fighting bigotry
abroad while it was tolerated at home.
Some men refused to serve in the
"Jim Crow" military and were
imprisoned for it.
After the war, the racist legacy of slavery remained.
It spurred a campaign of resistance, including the
Though the Union victory freed the nation’s four million
enslaved people, the legacy of slavery continued to
influence American history, from the Reconstruction era
to the civil rights movement that emerged a century after
A black man was accused of assaulting a white woman.
As a result, a riot broke out. The riot left at least 300 black
people murdered. An estimated 10,000 more were left
homeless, 35 city blocks housing 1,256 residences were
burned down and 600 successful businesses were lost,
including 21 restaurants, 30 grocery stores, two movie
theaters and a hospital.
According to the Atlanta Black Star, the Ku Klux Klan-
led riot lasted for over 16 hours.