Psalm 23 is the best-known psalm and the 

favorite biblical passage of many. 


Because it does more than tell us that God 

protects, guides, and blessesPsalm 23 is 

one of the most inspiring, encouraging 

and comforting passages of Scripture.

In Psalm 23, David is praising God for

 His care and protection. Shepherds had to

 live with their sheep, guiding them around 

the hills and valleys to find fresh plant life 

and water to sustain their flocks.

It shows us a poetic image of powerless 

sheep being tended by an unfailingly careful


There were flocks of sheep all over Israel.

 There were not a great number of places for

 them to feed. Because of this the flocks would

 intermingle around feeding areas and 

waterholes. The sheep had to know the voice 

of their shepherd so that when he called they 

would follow him. Shepherds worked with 

their sheep to train them to obey only their 


Psalm 23 presents God as a Good Shepherd, 

feeding and leading His flock. It is known 

that the shepherd is to know each sheep by name,

 thus when God is given the analogy of a Shepherd, 

He is not only a Protector but also the Caretaker.

The Psalms were, as a matter of fact, the hymnal

 that was used by the Hebrews as they worshiped 


God promised protection to the Israelites 

against the nations who would come against 

them as they entered the Promised Land. 

“I will send My terror ahead of you, and I 

will make all your enemies turn their backs

 to you.” 

Exodus 23:27

Here we see God protecting those whose 

actions were in accordance to His

 foreordained plans and purpose.

The Psalms of David are filled with 

praise for God as He protected His chosen 

one against his enemies.

Psalm 18:354:7138:7

No matter the amount of power or wrath 

that David’s enemies brought against him, 

they were no match for the protection of God. 

God’s protection in Job’s life was evident 

as well. Even though Job suffered through

many trials as a result of the attacks of Satan, 

it was God who drew the line in the sand, 

over which Satan could not cross. Satan was 

limited to doing exactly what God allowed

 him to do, and nothing more.

Job 1–3

 Even through all the misery and afflictions 

Job endured, God was protecting him from 

greater harm. 

With God as our Protector, we will not lack

 anything we need

The word "Want" means "Lack."

The role of a shepherd is to lead the sheep

to green pastures so they may graze, protect the 

flock by being on the lookout for predators, 

and the shepherd makes sure that none of the 

sheep are lost or go astray. 

Shepherd is synonymous for... 


He maketh me to lie down 

in green pastures:

He leads me beside the still waters,

When we submit to God's will and His way, 

we can be sure that He’ll guide us along the 

path that is best for us. And for the sake of 

His name and His glory, He guides our will

 to line up with His.

A valley is a place surrounded by hills or 

mountains, which often cast a shadow 

below. The imposing mountains are symbolic 

of death. It's a place of danger where many 

bad things or "evils" could occur.

By faith, we walk with God 

through all the trials of life.

The Shepherd will guide us in the right way.

 On our own, we are unable to withstand or 

protect ourselves in the valley of the shadow 

of death. It is by our faith, in God, we are

 able to go through all the trials of life. 

Jesus said in John 10:11, I am the Good Shepherd. 

The Good Shepherd lays down His life for the sheep.

We are the sheep of His pasture. He will protect us, 

provide for us, give us food, give us shelter,

 and gently correct us when we go astray.

God can seat us at a fine table so that we may enjoy

a feast, even when our enemies are nearby. Even 

though all around are all the demons of hell... 

they cannot touch us. We are able to feel at ease

 and peacefully enjoy the banquet, even in the 

presence of our enemies.

"Anointment" is a sacred act of setting a person 

apart and and making him holy. It is symbolized 

by rubbing oil on the person.

Sheep were also anointed by shepherds to keep out

 deadly bugs. God protects us from the things 

that would harm us.

God doesn't just provide enough, 

He provides more than enough.

God provides what we need, and God always 

gives more... literally, pressed down, shaken 

together and overflowing. 

When our cups overflowwe can be generous,

 just as our Father. We can use the overflow

 He has given us... to be a blessing to others. 

Our inheritance from God includes His 

“Goodness and mercy.” 

Psalm 23:6

The 23rd Psalm is often used

 in times of trouble and loss.

This Psalm has bidden many who have

 experienced personal sorrows... 

the certainty... for a morning of joy.

 The 23rd Psalm speaks both

to life and to death.

The 23rd Psalm helps us to better understand and accept

the death of our loved ones, and it also evokes thought, as 

it relates, to the profound and inevitable aspect of our own 


The 23rd Psalm assures us that with God as our Shepherd,

we have all that we need for both life and death. 

God has the ability to deliver us out of every

 physical calamity or trouble.

Sometimes He uses these trials to purify us. At 

these times, we should “Count it pure joy” 

because by allowing such trials, God tests our

 faith to develop more faith so that we persevere 

and grow to maturity and Christ-likeness.

 James 1:2-3


Count it all joy, my brothers, when you meet

 trials of various kinds, for you know that the 

testing of your faith produces steadfastness.

If God protected us from such trials... it would 

not be beneficial to us.

God’s protection is sure and faithful because

 He promises to His people: 

“I will never leave you nor forsake you” 

Be strong and courageous. Do not fear or 

be in dread of them, for it is the Lord your 

God who goes with you. nHe will not leave 

you or forsake you.” 

Deuteronomy 31:6; 

No man shall be able to stand before you

 all the days of your life. Just as I was with 

Moses, so I will be with you. I will not leave 

you or forsake you.

Joshua 1:5; 

“Be strong and courageous, and do the work. 

Do not be afraid or discouraged, for the Lord 

God, my God, is with you. He will not fail you 

or forsake you. 

1Chronicles 28:20;

“I will never leave you 

nor forsake you.”

Hebrews 13:5

The 23rd Psalm has been... and is comforting

to many mourners in their night of weeping.

The guidance, beauty, strength, and 

encouragement one gains from the 

23rd Psalm is unsurpassed.

The Twenty-Third Psalm of David 

found in the Old Testament of the Bible is

 one of the most comforting prayers 

for every sigh of the soul.

Repeated often, it can help reframe, renew, and 

restore our confidence and turn negative thoughts, 

emotions, and situations around.


We will never go through anything, in life, in which 

the root emotion cannot find comfort, refreshment, 

guidance, and protection... 

than in the simplistic beauty contained...

in the 23rd Psalm.

So even if the words do not ring true for you... 

just repeating the words and thinking about them, 

can help them to come alive for you.

 The 23rd Psalm is one of the most popular and beloved of 

the Psalms. It is perhaps the pre-eminent Psalm of 


God is concerned about

 All of our needs!

 Because the Lord is our Shepherd, God meets

 all of our needs. 

We have everything we need!

With God as our Shepherd... 

we will be cared for, loved, and

 our needs will be provided.

God’s protection is sure and faithful because

 God promises to His people: 

“I will never leave you nor forsake you”

Be strong and courageous. 

Do not fear or be in dread of them, 

for it is the Lord your God who goes with you. 

He will not leave you or forsake you.

No man shall be able to stand before you all 

the days of your life. Just as I was with Moses, 

so I will be with you. 

"I will not leave you or 

forsake you."

Like sheep, we, too, need a Shepherd.

Sheep are basically helpless creatures

who wander off and get lost.

The sheep are helpless, innocent, and 

utterly dependent on 


 God, fulfills His role as Shepherd by 

protecting the sheep.

Thus, the sheep 

“Shall not want.”

We shall not want...


We, like the sheep, cannot survive long 

without a shepherd.

We, too, are totally dependent upon God 

to Shepherd, protect, and care for us.

The Shepherd takes great care to protect 

the sheep.


When we recognize the Good Shepherd... 

we follow Him!

As the Lord is the Good Shepherd,

so we are His sheep -- not frightened or passive, 

but obedient followers, wise enough to follow 

the One Who will lead us in the right places 

and in right ways.

When we allow God our Shepherd

 to guide us, we have contentment...

because we are safe under His care, and 

absolved from all anxieties.

 Our Shepherd knows and leads 

us to the "Green pastures".

God makes us to lie down

 in green pastures:


The Shepherd of our soul makes us to lie 

down in the meadow grass... not only to feed,

 but to rest, and enjoy tranquillity, peace, 

and safety; where there are both delight 

and plenty.

God leads us beside 

the still, serene waters.

The freshness of the meadow, the 

coolness of the stream...

 is indicative of heaven being 

everywhere..if we could but enter it.

The "Quiet waters" that 

will restore us.

God gives us new strength.

He restores, refreshes, 

and revives our soul.

We will reach these places

only by following God obediently...

not the world.

Rebelling against the Shepherd's leading

is actually rebelling against our own 

best interests.

We must remember this the next time

we are tempted to go our own way

rather than the Shepherd's way.

 God leads us in the paths of righteousness

for His Name sake.

 He helps us do what honors Him the most.

Yea, though we walk through 

the valley of the shadow of 

death, we will fear no evil:

For God is with us.

 Even when walking through the dark valley 

of death we will not be afraid, for God is

with us, guarding, and guiding us all the way.

God’s protection is sure and faithful because 

He promises to His people: 

“I will never leave you nor forsake you.”

God's protection is...


God's rod and God's staff...

they comfort us.

God prepares a table before us

 in the presence of our enemies;

God knows how to create a feast for His own.

He sets a nice table for us, in the presence of 

our enemies!

God is showing our enemies how His anointed 

are treated.

God has welcomed us 

as His guest.

God has anointed our heads 

with oil.

Our cups run over...

blessings are overflowing!

Let us trust our Shepherd's care, 

and hearken to His voice.

We can rest assured that God will provide 

all our needs. 

In God there is an abundance of blessings. 

All we need is...

 in God... and with God.

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